Closed chest drainage systems use gravity and/or suction to restore negative pressure and remove air, fluid, and/or blood from the pleural space so that the collapsed lung can re-expand. Whenever a chest tube is inserted it must be connected to a one-way mechanism that allows air to escape from the pleural space while preventing air to enter from the atmosphere.
This can be accomplished by using a closed chest tube drainage mechanism. If you are interested to undergo this treatment then you must navigate to centese.com/cardiac-surgery/ to schedule an appointment with an expert. Normally, chest drainage was accomplished with a three-bottle chest drainage system.
Now, the three-bottle system has been replaced by various disposable units that incorporate the traditional functions of the three-bottle system and integrate them into one plastic unit.
Disposable chest drainage systems have a number of safety advantages over glass bottle systems as well as ease in set-up. Air or fluid can exit the pleural space as a result of gravity, but the water seal prevents it from being drawn back into the cavity.
The tubing and the drainage system should be positioned below the patient’s chest at all times for gravity drainage and to prevent fluid backflow. It may be desirable to coil the long tubing and secure it to a draw sheet with a safety pin (allowing enough tubing so that the patient can move in bed comfortably) to prevent dangling loops of tubing. Check tubing connections periodically as directed by facility policy.